Romanov Remains Identified

British forensic scientists announce that they have positively identified the remains of Russia’s last czar, Nicholas II; his wife, Czarina Alexandra; and three of their daughters. The scientists used mitochondria DNA fingerprinting to identify the bones, which had been excavated from a mass grave near Yekaterinburg in 1991.

On the night of July 16, 1918, three centuries of the Romanov dynasty came to an end when Bolshevik troops executed Nicholas and his family. The details of the execution and the location of their final resting place remained a Soviet secret for more than six decades. Lacking physical evidence, rumors spread through Europe in the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution, telling of a Romanov child, usually the youngest daughter, Anastasia, who had survived the carnage. In the 1920s, there were several claimants to the title of Grand Duchess Anastasia. The most convincing was Anna Anderson, who turned up in Berlin in 1922 claiming to be Anastasia. In 1968, Anderson emigrated to Charlottesville, Virginia, where she died in 1984.

In 1991, Russian amateur investigators, using a recently released government report on the Romanov execution, found what they thought to be the Romanov burial site. Russian authorities exhumed human remains. Scientists studied the skulls, claiming that Anastasia’s was among those found, but the Russian findings were not conclusive. To prove that the remains were indisputably those of the Romanovs, the Russians enlisted the aid of British DNA experts.

First, the scientists tested for gender and identified five females and four males among the remains. Next they tested to see how, if at all, these people were related. A father and mother were identified, along with three daughters. The four other remains were likely those of servants. The son Alexei and one daughter were missing.

To prove the identity of Alexandra and her children, the scientists took blood from Prince Philip, the consort of Queen Elizabeth II and the grand nephew of Alexandra. Because they all share a common maternal ancestor, they would all share mitochondria DNA, which is passed almost unchanged from mother to children. The comparison between the mtDNA in Philip’s blood and in the remains was positive, proving them to be the Romanovs. To prove the czar’s identity, who did not share this mtDNA, the remains of Grand Duke George, the brother of Nicholas, were exhumed. A comparison of their mtDNA proved their relationship.

The Crown Prince Alexei and one Romanov daughter were not accounted for, adding fuel to the persistent legend that Anastasia had survived execution. Was it possible that Anastasia had escaped and resurfaced as Anna Anderson? In 1994, American and English scientists attempted to answer this question once and for all. Using a tissue sample of Anderson’s recovered from a Virginia hospital, the English team compared her mtDNA with that of the Romanovs. Simultaneously, an American team compared the mtDNA found in a strand of her hair. Both teams came to the same decisive conclusion: Anna Anderson was not a Romanov. In 1995, a Russian government commission studying the remains presented what it claimed was proof that one of the skeletons was in fact Anastasia’s, and that the missing Romanov daughter was, in fact, Maria.

Posted in General Interest.

88 Comments

  1. how much viagra is safe and what night
    buy viagra online usa viaonlinebuy.us viagra prescription
    why does viagra help with ed is there a lot of nitrates in there

  2. how much does viagra cost on average
    generic viagra online https://viaonlinebuy.us viagra prescription
    viagra in action

  3. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i came to "return the favor".I’m attempting to find things to enhance my web site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  4. cheap generic viagra overnight delivery
    <a href="https://viaonlinebuy.us/#">buy viagra online cheapest</a>
    when will generic viagra be available in the us

  5. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before but after browsing through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly delighted I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

  6. where to buy viagra from
    can i buy viagra online www.v1agrabuy.com generic viagra without subscription walmart
    viagra for sale uk

  7. what is the equivalent of viagra for women
    how to purchase generic viagra from india – cenforce
    elon musk viagra meme

  8. how much does the government spend on viagra
    <a href="https://www.v1agrabuy.com/#">viagra without doctor prescription</a>
    how can i buy viagra without seeing a doctor

  9. what the maximum dose for viagra
    cheap viagra generic https://www.v1agrabuy.com/ viagra no prescription
    generic viagra paypal

  10. how long does viagra last for
    <a href=https://www.v1agrabuy.com/#>viagra without a doctor prescription</a>
    over the counter viagra alternative at walgreens

  11. how can i get viagra without a doctor
    [url=https://www.v1agrabuy.com/#]viagra pills for sale[/url]
    maximum dose of viagra

  12. harvey takes the drug viagra. how does the drug help produce erections for harvey?
    cheap viagra viaonlinebuy.us cheap viagra
    dominican viagra

  13. how much does viagra cost per pill at walmart
    <a href="https://viaonlinebuy.us/#">viagra coupons 75 off</a>
    viagra bph

  14. why can’t i ejaculate after taking viagra
    viagra https://viaonlinebuy.us/ viagra sale
    can you crush a viagra

  15. I am sure this post has touched all the internet people, its really really good piece of writing on building up new weblog.

  16. does viagra prevent premature ejaculation
    how much will tier 2 viagra cost with insurance
    when will generic viagra be available in the usa

  17. what would viagra do to a normal man
    efectos secundarios de la viagra
    what is a natural form of viagra for females

  18. how hard is it to get a presription for viagra
    sildenafil https://trusttnstore.com/ buy viagra online
    where should buy viagra

  19. can viagra lower blood pressure
    viagra sale trusttnstore.com rxtrust pharm
    how to make a boner last long without viagra

  20. mom fucks son to help get rid of his viagra boner
    viagra without doctor prescription https://darknesstr.com/3etsj viagra cheap
    how much viagra take 100mg

  21. how often can i use viagra
    viagra generic trusttnstore.com buy generic viagra
    how long does it take foer an erection to subside following a viagra induced ejaculation

  22. what countries is viagra sold over counter
    cialis pills https://slimex365.com/3hrud online cialis
    free samples of viagra

  23. how often is it safe to take viagra
    generic cialis http://www.linkbrdesk.net/url/dvdg cialis pills
    viagra for teenager

  24. what companies sale generic viagra online
    <a href="http://gongpo.moum.kr/yD2t#">cialis generic</a>
    how the viagra works

  25. what do women think of viagra adscost of viagra in military
    over the counter viagrageneric cialis https://popularedstore.com/ nizagara 100 mg vs viagra
    get a viagra prescription onlinehow to get free viagra

  26. how long do the effects of 100 mg viagra last
    cialis couponsfemale viagra https://popularedstore.com/ cialis on line
    what was viagra for

  27. Ahaa, its good discussion concerning this paragraph at this place at this website, I have read all that, so now me also commenting here.

  28. viagra vision problems
    cialis generic https://qspark.me/RCnJgh cialis generic
    what are the negative effects for a woman takes viagra

  29. is sildenafil as good as viagra?
    <a href=http://www.microlink.ro/a/10hkl#>cialis prices</a>
    how long is viagra effective for

  30. what colors can the viagra pill come in
    where can i buy cheap viagra
    what happens if you take viagra and dont really need it

  31. rh2PfO <a href="http://xqcacyzzpwjl.com/">xqcacyzzpwjl</a>, [url=http://jaomhxbjqxqz.com/]jaomhxbjqxqz[/url], [link=http://pvpbwrrbdjbe.com/]pvpbwrrbdjbe[/link], http://vellmpemazeh.com/

  32. what is the normal dose of viagra to take
    cialis for daily use viagra on line https://edzssl.com/ canadian viagra without a doctor prescription buy viagra online canada pharmacy
    can i drink and use viagra

  33. how much does the us military spend on viagra how often can a man take viagra
    cialis https://edzssl.com/ viagra online cialis coupon
    what supplements instead of viagra

  34. viagra raw powder recipe
    viagra boner https://lmeed.com/ viagra prices sildenafil 100 mg
    romantix south bend in viagra

  35. in law seduced mom lesbians viagra
    sildenafil 20 mg tablet reviews https://edzxc.com/ buy tadalafil
    viagra and dapoxetine

  36. prescription free viagra
    tadalafil 20mg viagra for sale on amazon https://cialisdendi.com/ levitra vs viagra tadalafil dosage
    how do you make viagra

  37. viagra what is it
    cialis 20 mg best price viagra coupon https://cialisdendi.com/ viagra substitute
    which pain pill can you take with viagra

  38. what time do you take viagra
    cialis over the counter at walmart https://aviib.com/ pfizer generic viagra
    is viagra available in generic

  39. stree overlord exceed viagra and cialis how to get a viagra hard penis
    cialis generic viagra erection https://edphrm.com/ online viagra without subscription sildenafil 100mg tablets
    how long does a viagra last generic viagra soft tabs

  40. when will viagra be available over the counter
    canadian pharcharmy online viagra viagra online canada pharmacy https://edjass.com/ buy viagra online
    where to buy generic viagra online countries where you don’t need a prescription for viagra

  41. femail viagra viagra doxepin
    viagra professional https://edjass.com/ cialis for daily use viagra on line
    does firstcare cover viagra

  42. viagra commercial actress
    sildenafil 20 mg vs viagra https://aviib.com/ cialis side effects
    viagra pour femme metoprolol tartrate and viagra

  43. tricare viagra limit how to order viagra online safely
    cost of viagra https://edphrm.com/ generic viagra canada price
    what effect does xanax have on viagra can i take viagra

  44. how to make natural viagra recipe
    sildenafil citrate 100mg generic buy cialis online without script https://goeedl.com/ tadalafil 5mg tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription
    is there a female viagra

  45. how to buy generic viagra in the usa does viagra keep you hard after coming?
    levitra vs viagra tadalafil dosage https://ingogf.com/ cost of viagra generic viagra canada price
    how many 20mg of tadalafil equal viagra

  46. [url=http://odessa-dom.ru/index.php/5-tairova/158-2-komn-kvartira-lyustdorfskaya]viagra best buy legit
    [/url]
    [url=http://tvorimdoma.ru/xolodilnik-bosch-kgn-36a45.html]buy viagra one line without a script
    [/url]
    [url=http://parfum-shop.msk.ru/33.php]where can i buy viagra in new york
    [/url]
    [url=http://pvpcity.ru/12-the-eleague-major-official-aftermovie.html]buy viagra in tijuana
    [/url]
    [url=http://РіРѕСЂРѕРґРіСЂСЏР·Рё.СЂС„/eventually6430.htm]how to buy viagra online usa
    [/url]

  47. viagra how it works pictures with without viagra can you chew viagra <a href=https://debviagrals.com/>how to use viagra</a> which viagra is safe viagra appointment covered insurance online how does viagra work?

  48. what happens if a normal person takes viagra how long before sex to take viagra where can i buy viagra on the high street <a href=https://debviagrals.com/>cheapest place to purchase generic viagra</a> where to buy viagra over the counter in hong kong

  49. [url=http://legi-rus.ru/stroim/1230-dachnyy-domik-iz-metallokonstrukciy.html]buy viagra cyprus
    [/url]
    [url=http://prosmibank.ru/zarplata-7.html]its hard to buy viagra anymore from online websites
    [/url]
    [url=http://www.liveaqua.ru/akvariumnaya-himiya/morskaya-himiya/seachem-purigentm-1000-ml]can you buy viagra at rite aid
    [/url]
    [url=http://kulinar-recepts.ru/shashlyk-ot-stepana.html]buy internet viagra
    [/url]
    [url=http://sovetwoman.ru/9344-sumki-osen-zima-2014-sovet-dlya-zhenschin.html]where to buy viagra in mexico city
    [/url]

  50. what happens if a female takes a male viagra what are all the viagra soft spam messages coming from where to buy female viagra pills <a href=https://nancyedpharm.com/>viagra boys</a> girl in viagra commercial unitedhealthcare benefits nielsen viagra advertized viagra on steroids product

  51. can you take viagra more than once a day who uses viagra viagra how to make it kick faster <a href=https://viagraalexandria.com/>pfizer viagra 100mg price</a> what is the current price for viagra is female viagra a thing why does my face turn red when i take viagra

  52. what is the difference between blue and yellow viagra taking viagra when not needed woman takes viagra what happens <a href=https://getviragra.com/>is there an herbal viagra</a> over the counter equivalent to viagra what are the diffrent results in taking 20 mg vs 100mg of viagra what is better viagra or cialis

  53. <a href=http://sergey-listopad.ru/16-kak-krasivo-vraschat-kartu-na-pal-ce-krutim-kartu.html>best websites to buy viagra
    </a> <a href=http://vestiviphunter.ru/2016/03/07/holodilnik-electrolux-rulit-ili-net.html>cheep place to buy viagra
    </a> <a href=http://kafeotdohni.ru/index.php?z=7>can i buy viagra in uk
    </a> <a href=http://izh-parts.ru/2019/03/25/>where can i buy the cheapest viagra
    </a> <a href=http://simpsonhomer.net/m_rus/help/screen.modules.edit.html>buy viagra online legally
    </a>

  54. do you need a prescription to buy viagra why is vaseline better then viagra <a href=https://getviragra.com/>what if a woman took viagra</a> what happens after taking viagra video 200 mg viagra

  55. crushing viagra under tongue free viagra sample pack by mail canadian viagra sales <a href=https://medvirgra.com/>norvir side effects</a> how can i get a prescription for viagra

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Human Verification: In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.