Soviets Admit To Katyn Massacre

The Soviet government officially accepts blame for the Katyn Massacre of World War II, when nearly 5,000 Polish military officers were murdered and buried in mass graves in the Katyn Forest. The admission was part of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s promise to be more forthcoming and candid concerning Soviet history.

In 1939, Poland had been invaded from the west by Nazi forces and from the east by Soviet troops. Sometime in the spring of 1940, thousands of Polish military officers were rounded up by Soviet secret police forces, taken to the Katyn Forest outside of Smolensk, massacred, and buried in a mass grave. In 1941, Germany attacked the Soviet Union and pushed into the Polish territory once held by the Russians. In 1943, with the war against Russia going badly, the Germans announced that they had unearthed thousands of corpses in the Katyn Forest. Representatives from the Polish government-in-exile (situated in London) visited the site and decided that the Soviets, not the Nazis, were responsible for the killings. These representatives, however, were pressured by U.S. and British officials to keep their report secret for the time being, since they did not want to risk a diplomatic rupture with the Soviets. As World War II came to an end, German propaganda lashed out at the Soviets, using the Katyn Massacre as an example of Russian atrocities. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin flatly denied the charges and claimed that the Nazis were responsible for the slaughter. The matter was not revisited for 40 years.

By 1990, however, two factors pushed the Soviets to admit their culpability. First was Gorbachev’s much publicized policy of “openness” in Soviet politics. This included a more candid appraisal of Soviet history, particularly concerning the Stalin period. Second was the state of Polish-Soviet relations in 1990. The Soviet Union was losing much of its power to hold onto its satellites in Eastern Europe, but the Russians hoped to retain as much influence as possible. In Poland, Lech Walesa’s Solidarity movement was steadily eroding the power of the communist regime. The Katyn Massacre issue had been a sore spot in relations with Poland for over four decades, and it is possible that Soviet officials believed that a frank admission and apology would help ease the increasing diplomatic tensions. The Soviet government issued the following statement: “The Soviet side expresses deep regret over the tragedy, and assesses it as one of the worst Stalinist outrages.”

Whether the Soviet admission had any impact is difficult to ascertain. The communist regime in Poland crumbled by the end of 1990, and Lech Walesa was elected president of Poland in December of that year. Gorbachev resigned in December 1991, which brought an effective end to the Soviet Union.

Posted in Cold War.

42 Comments

  1. what is an alternative to viagra that works?
    viagra dosage https://viaonlinebuy.us/ buy viagra
    10mg of viagra when you don’t have ed

  2. viagra 100mg how long to kick in
    <a href=https://www.v1agrabuy.com/#>viagra price</a>
    food and drink before or after viagra be taken

  3. how much money is spent by insurers on viagra type drugs
    <a href="https://www.v1agrabuy.com/#">buy viagra online cheapest</a>
    military spends more on viagra

  4. does blink health still prescribe viagra?
    cheapest generic viagra www.v1agrabuy.com buy viagra no prescription
    will viagra make me bigger

  5. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

  6. how do viagra and cialis work
    buy viagra without prescription https://www.v1agrabuy.com/ buy viagra
    what was viagra originally for

  7. ingredient in viagra
    <a href="https://viaonlinebuy.us/#">viagra buy</a>
    how to talk to your husband about viagra

  8. where to buy genuine viagra in bangkok
    [url=https://viaonlinebuy.us/#]viagra coupons 75 off[/url]
    can you take viagra while inebriated

  9. Hi there, I discovered your web site by the use of Google even as looking for a related subject, your site got here up, it appears to be like good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just changed into aware of your weblog thru Google, and found that it’s really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you proceed this in future. Numerous folks will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  10. viagra liquid form
    <a href=https://trusttnstore.com/#>cheap viagra</a>
    can you buy viagra over the counter in europe

  11. what happens when you take viagra with alcohol
    buy pfizer viagra online
    how can i get viagra without seeing a doctor in usa

  12. 2 doses of viagra within 24 hrs
    [url=http://asq.kr/dvPQWa3nWaPny#]viagra pills[/url]
    viagra pills what do they do

  13. how much is viagra with a prescription
    viagra for sale http://freeurlredirect.com/3ks8c RxTrustPharm
    viagra and zoloft

  14. viagra multiple intercourseviagra was originally treated for what?
    sildenafil 20 mg tabletcheap viagra https://popularedstore.com/ sildenafil 20 mg tablet vs viagra
    how much does viagra 100mg costdo i need a prescription for viagra

  15. viagra wore off too fast why doesnt viagra work for my husband
    tadalafil 5mg https://aviib.com/ tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription
    how many times per day can you take viagra viagra connect reviews

  16. how to buy viagra in india i need your help sis, i took too much viagra
    cost of viagra https://ingogf.com/ generic viagra canada price viagra without doctor prescription
    contraindications for viagra what to do if viagra does not work

  17. where to buy viagra vegas walgreens over the counter viagra
    viagra sex https://cialisdendi.com/ viagra cost
    viagra supplement viagra for men price

  18. pink viagra reviews why do i keep getting viagra and cialis canada pharmacy mail
    cialis 20mg sildenafil 100mg https://edphrm.com/ generic viagra available how much does viagra cost
    https://www.getroman.com viagra cost what’s cheaper generic viagra or generic cialis

  19. george uhl takes a good dose of viagra for a long day of fucking on camera how much will insurance cover viagra where can i buy viagra without a prescription <a href=https://viagraalexandria.com/>buy generic 100mg viagra online with paypal</a> women of congress force coverage of birth control after viagra covered when put on market in 1980’s viagra dosage for 50 year old

  20. how much does viagra cost at costco <a href=https://debviagrals.com/>what is generic viagra?</a> what to do when viagra doesn’t work i gave my girlfriend a female viagra gaved.step brother viagra sex

  21. <a href=http://www.pioner-profi.ru/zharovnya-so-steklyannoj-kryshkoj-21×33-sm-swiss-diamond.html>buy pfizer viagra online uk
    </a> <a href=http://bsuhist.ru/all_8.html>female viagra uk buy
    </a> <a href=http://minates.ru/catalog/snow-tools/shovels-for-snow/?curPos=100>buy viagra in new york city
    </a> <a href=http://436kni.ru/strukturnaya-shtukaturka-superbelaya-dlya-vneshnix-rabot-3mm-lugato-lyugato-weisses-haus-reibeputzinnen-aussen-3-mm.html>where do i buy viagra online
    </a> <a href=http://news161.ru/4.html>where to buy viagra in uk shops
    </a>

  22. what are the diffrent results in taking 20 mg vs 100mg of viagra what is better viagra or cialis <a href=https://edviagara.com/>washington post viagra</a> negative effects and harm to young people who use viagra recreationally what was viagra originally for natural viagra pills

  23. erotic mom helps viagra son <a href=https://getviragra.com/>viagra not working</a> viagra with cials what is viagra wikianswers how can i buy viagra over the counter

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Human Verification: In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.